## Overview

Instructor | Dr. Armin Straub
MSPB 313 straub@southalabama.edu (251) 460-7262 (please use e-mail whenever possible) |

Office hours | MWF, 9-11am, or by appointment |

Lecture | MWF, 8:00-8:55am, in MSPB 370 |

Midterm exams | The tentative dates for our two midterm exams are:
Friday, February 17 Friday, March 31 |

Final exam | Monday, May 1 — 8:00am-10:00am |

Online grades |
Homework Scores
Exams: USAonline (Canvas) |

Syllabus | syllabus.pdf |

## Lecture sketches and homework

To help you study for this class, I am posting **lecture sketches**. These are not a substitute for your personal lecture notes or coming to class (for instance, some details and motivation are not included in the sketches). I hope that they are useful to you for revisiting the material and for preparing for exams.

Date | Sketch | Homework |
---|---|---|

01/09 | lecture01.pdf | Homework Set 1: Problems 1-5 (due 1/23) |

01/11 | lecture02.pdf | Homework Set 1: Problems 6-7 (due 1/23) |

01/13 | lecture03.pdf | Homework Set 1: Problems 8-10 (due 1/23) |

01/18 | lecture04.pdf | Homework Set 2: Problems 1-2 (due 1/30) |

01/20 | lecture05.pdf | Homework Set 2: Problems 3-4 (due 1/30) |

01/23 | lecture06.pdf | Homework Set 2: Problems 5-9 (due 1/30) |

01/25 | lecture07.pdf | Homework Set 3: Problem 1 (due 2/6) |

01/27 | lecture08.pdf | Homework Set 3: Problems 2-4 (due 2/6) |

01/30 | lecture09.pdf | Homework Set 3: Problems 5-7 (due 2/6) |

02/01 | lecture10.pdf | Homework Set 4: Problems 1-4 (due 2/13) |

02/03 | lecture11.pdf | Homework Set 4: Problems 5-6 (due 2/13) |

02/06 | lecture12.pdf | Homework Set 4: Problems 7-8 (due 2/13) |

02/08 | lecture13.pdf | Homework Set 5: Problem 1 (due 2/20) |

02/10 | lecture14.pdf | Homework Set 5: Problem 2 (due 2/20) |

02/13 | lecture15.pdf | Homework Set 5: Problems 3-4 (due 2/20) |

02/15 | review | get ready for the midterm exam on 2/17 (Friday)
exam practice problems (as well as solutions) are posted below |

02/20 | lecture16.pdf | Homework Set 6: Problems 1-4 (due 3/3) |

02/22 | lecture17.pdf | Homework Set 6: Problem 5 (due 3/3) |

02/24 | lecture18.pdf | Homework Set 6: Problem 6 (due 3/3) |

02/27 | lecture19.pdf | Homework Set 7: Problems 1-2 (due 3/17) |

03/01 | lecture20.pdf | Homework Set 7: Problems 3-4 (due 3/17) |

03/03 | lecture21.pdf | Homework Set 7: Problems 5-6 (due 3/17) |

03/13 | lecture22.pdf | Homework Set 8: Problems 1-3 (due 3/24) |

03/15 | lecture23.pdf | Homework Set 8: Problems 4-6 (due 3/24) |

03/17 | lecture24.pdf | Homework Set 8: Problems 7-8 (due 3/24) |

03/20 | lecture25.pdf | Homework Set 9: Problems 1-2 (due 3/31) |

03/22 | lecture26.pdf | work through Example 145 |

03/24 | lecture27.pdf | Homework Set 9: Problems 3-7 (due 3/31) |

03/27 | lecture28.pdf | work through exam practice problems |

03/29 | review | get ready for the midterm exam on 3/31 (Friday)
exam practice problems (as well as solutions) are posted below |

04/03 | lecture29.pdf | Homework Set 10: Problem 1 (due 4/14) |

04/05 | lecture30.pdf | Homework Set 10: Problems 2-3 (due 4/14) |

04/07 | lecture31.pdf | work through Examples 161, 162 |

04/10 | lecture32.pdf | Homework Set 11: Problems 1-2 (due 4/19) |

04/12 | lecture33.pdf | Homework Set 11: Problems 3-5 (due 4/19) |

04/14 | lecture34.pdf | Homework Set 12: Problem 1 (due 4/26) |

04/17 | lecture35.pdf | Homework Set 12: Problem 2 (due 4/26) |

04/19 | lecture36.pdf | Homework Set 12: complete! (due 4/26) |

04/21 | lecture37.pdf | work through Example 185 |

04/24 | lecture38.pdf | finish all homework |

04/26 | review | get ready for the final exam on 5/1 (Monday)
exam practice problems (as well as solutions) are posted below |

04/28 | review | retake old midterm exams |

lectures-all.pdf (all lecture sketches in one big file) |

## About the homework

- Homework problems are posted for each unit. Homework is submitted online, and you have an unlimited number of attempts. Only the best score is used for your grade.
Most problems have a random component (which allows you to continue practicing throughout the semester without putting your scores at risk).

- Aim to complete the problems well before the posted due date.
A 15% penalty applies if homework is submitted late.

- Collect a
**bonus point**for each mathematical typo you find in the lecture notes (that is not yet fixed online), or by reporting mistakes in the homework system. Each bonus point is worth 1% towards a midterm exam.The homework system is written by myself in the hope that you find it beneficial. Please help make it as useful as possible by letting me know about any issues!

## Exams and practice material

The following material will help you prepare for the exams.

- Midterm Exam 1:

midterm01-practice.pdf, midterm01-practice-solution.pdf

midterm01.pdf, midterm01-solution.pdf - Midterm Exam 2:

midterm02-practice.pdf, midterm02-practice-solution.pdf

midterm02.pdf, midterm02-solution.pdf - Final Exam:

final-practice.pdf, final-practice-solution.pdf

## Sage

For more involved calculations, we will explore the open-source free computer algebra system Sage.

If you just want to run a handful quick computations (without saving your work), you can use the text box below.

An easy way to use Sage more seriously is https://cocalc.com. This free cloud service does not require you to make an account or to install anything: after choosing *Use CoCalc Anonymously*, select *View Your CoCalc Projects...* (at the bottom of the page), create a project (choose any name for it), followed by *New* and *Sage worksheet* and start computing. (To save your work for later, you can create a free account.)

Here are some other things to try:

- Sage makes solving least squares problems pleasant. For instance, to solve Example 46 in Lecture 8:
A = matrix([[1,2],[1,5],[1,7],[1,8]]); b = vector([1,2,3,3]) (A.transpose()*A).solve_right(A.transpose()*b)

- Sage can compute QR decompositions. For instance, we can have it do Example 71 in Lecture 13 for us:
A = matrix(QQbar, [[0,2,1],[3,1,1],[0,0,1],[0,0,1]]) A.QR(full=false)

The result is a tuple of the two matrices Q and R. If that is too much at once,`A.QR(full=false)[0]`

will produce Q, and`A.QR(full=false)[1]`

will produce R. (Can you figure out what happens if you omit the`full=false`

? Check out the comment under "Variations" for the QR decomposition in the lecture sketch. On the other hand, the`QQbar`

is telling Sage to compute with algebraic numbers (instead of just rational numbers); if omitted, it would complain that square roots are not available.) - Sage is happy to compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. For instance, to solve Example 17 in Lecture 4:
A = matrix([[4,0,2],[2,2,2],[1,0,3]]) A.eigenvectors_right()

- Sage can even compute general powers of a matrix. For instance, to solve Example 92 in Lecture 16:
n = var('n') A = matrix([[6,1],[4,9]]) A^n

- Similarly, Sage can compute matrix exponentials. For instance, to solve Example 126 in Lecture 23:
t = var('t') A = matrix([[2,0,0],[-1,3,1],[-1,1,3]]) exp(A*t) * vector([1,2,1])

- Sage can also compute singular value decompositions. For instance, Example 158 (see lecture29.pdf) can be done (numerically) as follows:
A = matrix(RDF, [[2,2],[-1,1]]) A.SVD()

The result is a tuple of the three matrices U, Σ and V. If that is too much at once,`A.SVD()[0]`

will produce U,`A.SVD()[1]`

will produce Σ, and`A.SVD()[2]`

will produce V. (The`RDF`

is telling Sage to compute with real numbers as floating point numbers with double precision; for other fields such as`QQbar`

, the SVD is not currently implemented.)